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Central Moscow is the historical centre of Moscow, located in the Garden Ring.
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Points of Interest in Moscow
- Red Square (Metro: Ohotnii Ryad, Teatralnaya or Ploshad Revolutsii). May be closed for special events. The heart of Moscow and the first destination for most visitors to the city. Surrounded by St. Basil's Cathedral, the State History Museum, Lenin's Mausoleum and one of the Kremlin's long brick walls. The cobbles that make up the square are black and not red; the name comes from another gloss of the Russian word "krasniy", meaning "beautiful". Free.
- Lenin Mausoleum - in the centre of the Red Square. Walk past the embalmed body of Vladimir Lenin (who actually did not want any monuments to be built for him) and join the debate if it is still him. You must leave all cameras, phones and bags in the luggage office. Free admission. Open 10AM-1PM closed Mondays and Fridays.
- St Basil Cathedral - in the south part of Red Square. Built in 1555-61. Inside is a museum, although it looks best from the outside, but if you have the time, take a peek inside.
- The Kremlin (entrances to the territory and Armory, ticket offices: metro Biblioteka im. V.I.Lenina, Alexandrovskii Sad, Arbatskaya (Dark Blue line, east exit) or a short walk from Borovitskaya; rest of the walls: also metro stations Ohotnii Ryad, Teatralnaya and Ploschad Revolutsii, then proceed through Alexandrovskii Garden or Red Square). 10-17 except Thursday, Armory tours start at 10,12,14:30 and 16:30, tickets sold for 45 minutes before each tour. Belfry tours start at 10:15, 11:30, 13:45, 15 and 16, only 10 persons per tour, so this tickets are difficult to get - be sure to come to ticket offices at 9am.. This gigantic site can not be missed. The Diamond collection in the Armoury is worth a visit on its own. There are several stunning churches that warrant a visit. Choose one or two to go inside, then enjoy the rest from the gardens. If you get a chance, the ballet in the Conference Centre has some very cheap matinee performances (and you can change seats in the interval). Amateur photography and videotaping is prohibited indoors and free outdoors. Entrance and exhibitions 350 rub, Belfry 500 rub, Armory 700 rub, exhibitions only 200-300 rub; ISIC holders 100, 250, 200 and 100-150 rub. respectively. Large bags must be left at a luggage office (60 rubles)..
- Old Arbat Street (Арба́т) (Metro: Smolenskaya (both blue lines), Arbatskaya (both blue lines, from Dark Blue line take west exit)). – Walk down this kitschy street and don't forget to look at the small by-streets around the Arbat. They allow you to feel the "old Moscow spirit". Arbat is full of souvenir vendors, tourist cafes, lousy restaurants, artists, etc. The prices of the souvenirs vary from reasonable to ripoff. Many of the vendors offer a very high higher price, but can be talked down if you speak Russian. The stores tend to offer the same merchandise but with fixed high prices.
- Bolshoi Theatre (Большо́й теа́тр), Teatralnaya Square 1 (Metro: Ohotnii Ryad, Teatralnaya or Ploshad Revolutsii), ☎ +7 (495) 455-5555. – Sit in front of the famed theater near the fountain, or catch a show inside if you can. Tickets start at around 1000 rubles.
- Tretyakov Gallery (Государственная Третьяковская Галерея), 10, Lavrushinsky Lane (Metro: Tretyakovskaya or Novokuznetskaya). Th, F: 10.00-21.00 (ticket office and last admission until 08.00 pm); Tu, W, Sa and Su: 10.00-18.00 (ticket office and last admission until 05.00 pm) day-off M. – One of the world's greatest museums, this is probably the one to choose if you only want to visit one museum in Moscow. In contrast to the worldwide collection of the Pushkin Museum, the Tretyakov is mostly a collection of Russian art. It has the best collection of Russian icons and many of the most famous pieces of modern Russian artists like Ilya Repin. Adults – 450 RUB, Students – 300 RUB.
- Pushkin Museum (Музей изобразительных искусств им. А.С. Пушкина), Volkhonka street 12 (Metro: Borovitskaya, Lenin Library, Kropotkinskaya,), ☎ (495) 697-74-15. Tu-Su 10-19, Th 10-21. is dedicated to Western art and has one of the world's most significant Impressionist and Post-Impressionist collections, along with some Old Masters. The Impressionists and Post-Impressionists were rather unfortunately relocated to an annex in 2007 across the street from the main building 400 RUB for adults, 200 RUB, for for schoolchildren, students and pensioners.
- Novodevichy Convent (Новоде́вичий монасты́рь), Novodevichiy proyezd, 1 (Metro: Sportivnaya), ☎ +7 499 246-85-26. 09.00-17.00. – Both a convent and a fortress, Novodevichy was built in the early 1500s and has remained nearly intact since the 17th century, making it one of the best preserved historical complexes in Moscow. The adjacent Novodevichy Cemetery is one of Russia's most famous cemeteries. Famous people buried there include Anton Chekhov, Nickolai Gogol, Konstantine Stanislavski, Nikita Khrushchev, Raisa Gorbachev (the former President's wife), and Boris Yeltsin.
- Church of the Ascension (Церковь Вознесения Господня), Andropova (просп. Андропова), 39 (Metro: Kolomenskaya or Kashirskaya, then walk through Kolomenskoye park.). Part of a former royal estate situated several kilometers to the southeast of the city center. Built to commemorate the birth of Ivan the Terrible, Kolomenskoye's Church of the Ascension upended the Byzantine style with its wooden conical tower, and proved to be a milestone in the history of Russian ecclesiastical architecture. Since 1994, it has enjoyed a spot on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
- The Institute of Russian Realist Art (IRRA) (Институт русского реалистического искусства), Derbenevskaya nab. 7. building. 31 (From Paveletskaya metro station Bus routes No. 13, 106, 632, taxi-bus No.13m from Paveletsky railway station (Paveletskaya metro station, radial line) to the stop “Pervaya Sitsenabivnaya Fabrika”. - Tram No. 35, 38 to the stop “Novospassky Most”), ☎ +7 (495) 276-12-12, e-mail: email@example.com. Tu-Su 11.00–20.00, The ticket office closes at 19.00. – The heart of the collection is presented by paintings of Soviet and Russian masters of ХХ-XXI centuries Sergey Gerasimov, Arkady Plastov, Alexander Deineka, Yuri Pimenov, Gely Korzhev, Victor Popkov, Nikolay Andronov, brothers Alexey and Sergey Tkachev, Victor Ivanov. The paintings exposed at IRRA offer a unique opportunity to get acquainted with important stages of the history of Soviet society. Now IRRA’s collection is considered to be one of the best in the world. - IRRA is located in one of ancient buildings of Moscow cotton print factory in Zamoskvorechye opposite to the Moscow New-Spassky monastery. After re-planning and restoration of outer walls of the factory building constructed at the end of the XIX century, museum premises have been equipped with the most up-to-date engineering and professional museum storage equipment. Now the equipment of the building meets the advanced standards specified for the largest museums of the world. Since December, 2011 the exposition of IRRA is available for the visitors from Russia and abroad, who are interested in cultural tradition of national Realist school. Adults — 150 rub, Students — 50 rub.
- Ostankino Tower (Останкинская телебашня), Ak. Korolyova St. 15 (Metro station VDNH, trolley bus №13, 69, 73, 36 - "Ulitsa Akademika Korolyova" stop), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. – 540 meters tall, with an observation deck 340 meters above ground. 45 levels, tens of ring decks and balconies, more than 70 000 cubical meters of the total effective volume of space located inside the lower conical basis, ferro-concrete trunk and high-altitude rigging used for equipment and other needs.
Less essential sites, but very worthwhile if you have the time, include:
- Museum of soviet arcade machines (Музей советских игровых автоматов), Baumanskaya ulitsa 11 (Metro station Baumanskaya), ☎ 8 916 167-19-25. M-Th 13:00-21:00, F-Su 13:00-20:00. Great new space full of old soviet fun! Go hunting, shoot torpedoes, drive cars, check your strength and much more... Price includes 10 15 kopek coins to enjoy the games. It also features a cozy cafe. 300 rub.
- New Arbat Street (Улица Новый Арбат) (near Old Arbat Street. Metro: Arbatskaya (both blue lines, take west exit for Dark Blue line)). - This street offers a contrast from the touristy pedestrian-only thoroughfare. New Arbat is perhaps where Moscow's rich are the most visible, as some of Moscow's most expensive restaurants and nightclubs are located here. There are some reasonably priced cafes, however. The street is lavishly lit up at night and is always very lively. Also, check out Dom Knigi (House of Books) on New Arbat. It's not as impressive as the St. Petersburg store, but probably the best bet for books in Moscow.
- Tverskaya Street (Тверская улица) (This street starts from the Kremlin itself and runs northwest in the direction of Tver (hence the name) and Saint Petersburg. - Metro south to north: Ohotnii Ryad/Teatralnaya, Tverskaya/Pushkinskaya/Chehovskaya (Puskinskaya Square), Mayakovskaya (Triumfalnaya Square, sometimes called second Theatre square, containing Chaikovskii Concert Hall, Satire Theatre and nearby Mossovet Theatre), Belorusskaya.). – The road was a very important thoroughfare in Tsarist Russia. It is now Moscow's most fashionable street, with several prestigious boutiques. It is also lined with cafes, restaurants, coffeehouses, a couple of theaters, and several hotels, including two locations of the Marriott. Most of the street's architecture doesn't actually have much history to it, though along the way you will find Russia's first, and the world's busiest, McDonalds. The statue of Pushkin at Pushkinskaya Square is a very popular meeting point. Walk its length. From Red Square to Belorusski Train Station is about one hour and is a great way to see the most famous street in Moscow. Take a peek inside the Yeliseev Grocery Store, Moscow's answer to Harrod's food halls, to see the restored ornate interior.
- Victory Park (Парк Победы) (M: Park Pobedy, on the Dark Blue line). – This massive memorial to WWII was built for the 50-year anniversary of V-E day in 1995. On weekends, it is very popular with newlyweds. There is also a museum to WWII worth visiting if you like military history.
- Vorobyovy Gory (Sparrow Hills, Воробьёвы го́ры) (Metro: A walk from either metro Universitet or Vorobyovy Gory. As alternative, trolleybus #7 (only before about 21:30) can also take you from/to Kievskaya, Leninskii prospect or Oktyabrskaya metro). – The best place for a view of Moscow from the ground. Near the main Moscow State University building, there is a popular lookout point where one can see much of the city on clear days.
- VDNKh, aka VVTs (ВДНХ) (M 6: VDNKh station or even close from Vystavochnii Centr monorail station. Various other gates are accessible from Ulitsa Eizenshteina or Ulitsa Akademika Koroleva monorail stations). The Russian acronym "VDNKh" stood for "Exhibit of the People's Economic Achievements". It has been since renamed "All-Russian Exhibition Center" ("Vserossiyskiy Vystavochniy Tsentr"). However, it is popularly known by the Soviet abbreviations. Previously this was a massive exhibit of the advances and progress of the USSR. Now it is largely a marketplace for everything from computers to bicycles. However, many of the monuments and fountains here make the area a nice place to stroll. Bicycles and rollerskates rent is available.
- Ostankino Palace and Park (Останкинский дворец и Увеселительный сад), 1-ya Ostankinskaya ulitsa, 5 (in the Moscow's North-East. Ostankino monorail station, trolleybuses and trams from VDNKh metro station (most convinient) or buses and minibuses from Alexeevskaya or Mar'ina Roscha metro stations.), ☎ +7 495 683-46-45. a former summer residence and private opera theater of Sheremetev family, originally situated several kilometres to the north from Moscow. Ostankino Palace is third-largest wooden building in the world. The main wooden palace, built in 1792-1798 around a theater hall, with adjacent Egyptian and Italian pavilions, a 17th-century Trinity church, and fragments of the old Ostankino park with a replica of Milovzor folly.
- Moscow Botanical Gardens of Academy of Sciences (Главный ботанический сад им. Н.В. Цицина), Botanicheskaya ulitsa (Ботаническая ул.), д4 (metro Vladykino - central gate, a walk through newly forming park on Yauza river from metro Bothanicheskii Sad (south exit) - to a back gate, ask for directions, a walk from Ostankino monorail station or trolleybuses from VDNKh and 24 bus from Mar'ina Roscha metro to a gate on Botanicheskaya street.), e-mail: email@example.com. Only official gates to Bothanical Gardens in summer half-year take some admission fee (not high).
- The borders of three earlier areas in between have official VVTs to Gardens gate and a couple of semiofficial paths which are periodically closed - follow people trails to find them.
- Christ the Savior Cathedral (Храм Христа Спасителя), 15, Prechistenskaya naberezhnaya (Metro: Kropotkinskaya). – This cathedral, the tallest Orthodox church in the world (the largest being the Temple of St. Savain Belgrade), was blown up on orders from Stalin in 1931, with the view of building the gargantuan Palace of the Soviets, to be crowned by a 100 meter high statue of Lenin. The project ran into engineering and geological difficulties (the area used to be a swamp), then the War intervened, and the place was ceded to a year-round open-air swimming pool. The pool was razed and the cathedral rebuilt only after the fall of the Soviet Union, in the mid-nineties. There is an extensive museum underneath the cathedral documenting its history (the original was started in 1839 and consecrated in 1883).
- Garden of Fallen Monuments aka Park of the Fallen Heroes aka Park Muzeon (Парк иску́сств Музео́н) (Metro: Oktyabrskaya). – Where many infamous statues in Moscow were placed after the Soviet collapse. See Dzherzinsky, Stalin, Brezhnev, and others. Adjacent to the New Tretyakov Museum, which houses 20th century art. After the Pushkin Museum and the Tretyakov Gallery, this is worth seeing.
- Russian State Library. One of the largest libraries in the world. Anyone (Russian or foreign) over 18 can view electronic media for free, other items may be viewed by purchasing a "Reader's Card" (a photo id to gain access to physical materials). Previously received a copy of every book, musical score, & map published in the USSR, it now only receives a copy of every Russian book. The military reading room receives over 15,000 readers a year. Metro: Biblioteka Im.V.I.Lenina/Alexandrovskii Sad/Borovitskaya/Arbatskaya (Dark Blue line, east exit)
- State Museum of GULAG History (Государственный музей истории ГУЛАГа), ul Petrovka (ул. Петровка), 16 (metro: Okhotny Ryad, Theatralna, Ploschad Revolutsii, Kuznetskyi most), ☎ + 7 (495) 621 73 10, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Tu-Su 11:00-19:00 closed last Friday of the month. Relatively small museum of gulag history. Current exhibit though provides a fascinating look into censorship under Soviet times -- numerous and sometimes-famous doctored photographs are shown side-by-side with the un-doctored originals. 150 rubles (free on third Sunday).
- Bunker-42 (“БУНКЕР-42”), 5th Kotelnichesky lane. (5-й Котельнический пер.), 11 (Metro: Taganskaya), ☎ +7 (495) 500-05-54. Decommissioned cold war era soviet underground military nuclear bunker. The bunker has an actual underground connection to metro Taganskaya station, though it is unusable as a means to get into it)/Marxistkaya.
Parks and gardens
- Gorkiy Park (Metros: Oktyabrskaya, Park Kultury, Frunzenskaya). Easily the most well known of Moscow's many parks, Gorky Park used to be packed with theme park rides, but after undergoing major changes in 2011, it became one of the trendiest places in the city. New cafes, places to stroll, a pétanque cafe, an open-air cinema theatre, free Wi-fi, contemporary public art projects, design fairs and a new cafe policy make Gorky Park one of the most popular places in Moscow. In winter it's a popular place to ice skate and it hosts an ice sculpture competition. Metro: Oktyabrskaya, Park Kultury (it's a walk along the Sadovoye Ring Road from either of them - an easier, downhill stroll from the former, or a more scenic route, over the Krymsky Bridge, from the latter). There are a lot of nice cafes and restaurants there (like Hachapuri with cold tomato soap and traditional Georgian hachapuri with cheese, Dom ribaka, Lebedinoe ozero and etc.). There is a lot of place for relaxing and working and a free open WiFi working through the whole park. You can rent a boat or bicycle. There is an open cinema theater Pioner. You can see the map and event timetable on the official website (Russian). Please consider that it's almost impossible to find a parking lot nearby on weekend without breaking the parking rules, so it's better to get there by bus of by walk.
- Kolomenskoye (Kolomenskiy park) (Metro: Kolomenskaya/Kashirskaya. From Kolomenskaya take south exit, then after exit from metro station proper in the underground passage turn left, and then right. Upon leaving underground passage continue going straight for about 300 meters (along east side of Andropov prospekt) to the entrance. Lack of direction signs may be confusing, ask for directions when needed. From Kashirskaya metro walk along the path in general east-north-east direction to the underground passage under Andropov prospekt, the entrance to the park will be right after it. During the summer season special boats operate on Moscow river. There are several loading docks along river. If you are in the center of Moscow, take boat to the south. There is a loading dock right in the park. Not all boats go there, so check it with the crew.), ☎ 8 (499) 612-52-17. This former imperial estate is now a very popular weekend destination for Muscovites. It is a vast collection of churches and other buildings from the 16 and 17th centuries, including some wooden architecture that was transported here by the Soviet government from Karelia. Free (the park and museum). There are individual fees for each exhibition ($2-$10 per exhibition).
- State Museum-Reserve Tsaritsyno. A beautiful reserve in the southern part of Moscow, its nucleus being the largest palatial ensemble in Russia. Constructed between 1775 and 1796 to be the residence of Catherine the Great, the ensemble was abondoned after her death and turned into ruins during following centuries. A decision had been reached in 1984 to completely restore Tsaritsyno architectural and park ensemble. Majority of the architectural monuments have already undergone restoration, Grand Palace having completed by 2007. Exhibitions and expositions of the museum demonstrate various pages of Tsaritsyno history and rich collections of arts and crafts. Metro: Tsaritsyno, Orekhovo.
- Park Sokolniki, Metro Sokolniki (It is a short walk from metro station to main gate along the alley. North of park is also accessible directly from Malenkovskaya train station or via a walk from Moskva-3 train station from Yaroslavl direction train line). A popular recreational park, which also hosts an exhibition centre. The place to go to experience the Russian nature without going far away from the center. THIS is the place to experience Shashlik (Russian/Geogeian kebab) at a very low price (compared with other places) they can be found selling under huge tents all over the park. The park has an amusement park for the kids so they don't get bored. For the want to be hunter there are two Tirs bibi gun shooting ranges with only $1.40 per five shots. If you have a lot of time explore the forest deeper in the park you will find hard-to-find-in-America Birch trees and many people picking mushrooms (a national hobby) if you want to taste real russian spirt this is the best sample. The area is now infested with many high clas hotels , such as Holdiay Inn and others. One might like to try the goring church of the Jesus Christ, adjacent to park.
Off the beaten track parks
- Patriarshi ponds area, Metro Mayakovskaya (From metro walk along Sadovoye Ring, passing Satire and Mossoveta Theatres to Bronnaya street, then turn left.). There is only one pond left, but it is squared with buildings so it is quite peaceful here despite hectic Sadovoye Ring nearby. Here you can take a nice walk and enjoy the mysterious atmosphere, for which the area is famous - due to the novel of Mikhail Bulgakov Master and Margaret (Master i Margarita), which is well known for its combination of demonology, mysticism, humour, satire, art and love as well as wonderful depictions of Moscow of the thirties. Some moscovites are eager to take a seat on a bench with their back to Malaya Bronnaya street, as it is a reference to the novel.
- Aptekarskiy ogorod, Metro Prospekt Mira (it even had former name Botanicheskii Sad)/Suharevskaya (From Ring Line exit from Prospekt Mira station, turn left and walk 200 metres. After you'll pass the fence of Bryusov house museum, you'll see contemporary glass building (look for Valiano restaurant and flower shop). Turn left to the rampant after birches. The ticket-offices will be beyond glass doors, the entrance to the garden will be even further. On days of sports or other events in Olimpiiskii Sportcomplex as well as on Muslim holidays, a walk from Suharevskaya metro station is less crowded and more recommended. A walk from Kalanchevskaya train station along Groholskii side street is also possible.). (approximately) May-Sept 10:00-22:00, Oct-Apr 10:00-17:00. Garden may be closed for 2-3 weeks in April or in other time due to bad weather; for 1-2 weeks in September for gardening works; for day or several hours in case of various events.. One of the few paid-entrance parks in Moscow. Small but very cozy; very carefully maintained; popular for photo sessions on weddings and babies. 100 rubles/150 rubles after 18:00.
- Japanese garden in Botanichesky Sad (Closest metro is Botanicheskii Sad and entrance to Gardens via a back gate. Routes from Vladykino metro or Botanicheskaya street gate only slightly longer). Small and well-maintained; excellent for making photos. 100/150 rubles for workdays/weekends and holidays. 50/80 rubles for students and pupils. 10/20 rubles for pensioners.
Moscow is a large metropolis on the Moskva River, which bends its way through the city. The historical center is on the northern bank of the river. The other major waterway is the Yauza River, which flows into the Moskva east of the Kremlin.
Much of Moscow's geography is defined by the numerous 'Ring Roads' that circle the city at various distances from the centre, roughly following the outline of the walls that used to surround Moscow. With Red Square and the Kremlin forming the very centre, the innermost ring road is the Boulevard Ring (Bulvarnoye Koltso), built in the 1820s where the 16th century walls used to be. It runs from the Christ the Savior Cathedral in south-west central Moscow, to the mouth of the Yauza in south-east central Moscow.
The next ring road, the Garden Ring (Sadovoe Koltso), derives its name from the fact that landowners near the road in Tsarist times were obligated to maintain gardens to make the road attractive. In Soviet times, the road was widened, and currently you will find no gardens there.
The recently constructed Third Ring is not much use for tourists but is a heavily used motorway which absorbs a bit of Moscow's traffic. It roughly follows the outline of Kamer-Kollezhsky val, the customs boundary of Moscow in the 18th – early 20th century. The outer edge of Moscow is largely defined by the Moscow Ring Road (widely known by its abbreviation: MKAD-Moskovskaya kolcevaya avto doroga), a motorway which is 108 km long and encircles the entire city (similar to London's M25 and Paris' Périphérique). Finally, a Fourth Ring is due to be built between the Third Ring and the Moscow Ring Road in the next years, using in places the right-of-way of the freight rail loop.
- Alexander Garden (Александровский сад), Kitay-gorod, Red Square (M: Ploshchad Revolyutsii). - Strolling in the park what comprises three separate gardens, which stretch along all the length of the western Kremlin wall for 865m between the building of the Moscow Manege and the Kremlin.
- Clean Ponds (Chistye Prudy, Чистые пруды), Basmanny District, Chistoprudnyy bulvar, 12-14 (M: Chistye Prudy 0.8km NW, Sretenskiy Bulvar 0.7km NW, Kitay-Gorod 1.1km SW). The pond was formed by a dam on the Rachka River which used to flow underneath the walls of the White City in the 17th century. The river is nowadays under ground, as are the other ponds. The Clean Ponds are fed by a system of waterpipes & a home to swans and ducks. In wintertime it is used as a skating rink.
- Bosco rink (GUM-skating rink), Red Square, e-mail: email@example.com. 10:00-23:59. glamorous and easy, although bit costly and not too favoured by advanced skaters.
- Chamber Musical Theatre (Moscow State Academic Chamber Musical Theatre, Московский государственный академический Камерный музыкальный театр имени Б. А. Покровского), Ulitsa Nikolskaya (ул. Никольская) 17 (M: (Китай-Город, Площадь Революции,Театральная)), ☎ +8 (495) 606-7008. A Moscow theatre and opera house, founded in 1971. - The theatre is also known as the "Pokrovsky Opera"
- International House of Music (Moscow International Performing Arts Centre, Dom Muzyki, Московский международный Дом музыки), Kosmodamianskaya Embankment (Космодамианская набережная), 52 (Off the Garden Ring Road), ☎ +7 (495) 730-1011, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Ticket office 10:00-21:00. Opened on September 28, 2003 with the debut of a new orchestra, the National Philharmonic of Russia. - The centre cost US$200 million to construct. It is part of a business and hotel complex called Riverside Towers, intended by the City to be its equivalent of Lincoln Center. The centre has a circular concert hall similar to the Philharmonie in Berlin. Seating is laid out on two principal levels, and arranged in various tiers that almost surround the stage. The hall is on the third storey, with promenade areas below. The auditorium seats 1,735, and is composed largely of Siberian larch wood, a blonde wood considered among the best for acoustics, with a light, airy look. The centre also houses a 575-seat chamber hall, a 532-seat theater, three concert venues, it also has sound studio, a rehearsal hall, an audio-video complex, an exhibition hall, a hall of light, music rooms, the Allegro restaurant, a Bluthner music room, a summer patio called the Music Terrace and another concert hall that seats 120. The modernistic, cylindrical glass and steel centre is topped by an enormous, 9.5 metre-tall, 2 metric-ton treble clef covered in mozaic gold that rotates like a weathercock.
- McDonalds (Макдоналдс), Ulitsa Maroseyka (ул. Маросейка), 9/2 (M:Kitai Gorod), ☎ +7 495 737-8390, e-mail: email@example.com. The 1990 opening was an international event, and now it has over 70 outlets in Moscow.
Other Central units: Manege Square (Манежная Пл.),1/2 M:Okhotnyi, Ulitsa Bolshaya Bronnaya (ул. Большая Бронная), 29, (M: Tverskaya).
- Rostiks, Manezh unit, Manezhnaya ploshchad', 1 (M:Biblioteka imeni Lenina), ☎ +7 495 737-8397. Daily 10:00—22:00. A Russian Kentucky Fried Chicken franchise, so it specializes in fried chicken.
- Yolky Palky, Komsomolska (Ёлки-палки, Комсомольская), Ploshchad Komsomolskaya (Комсомольская пл), 2 (M: Komsomolskaya 300m N, Krasnye Vorota 700m SW), ☎ +7 495 785-3875. 24/7. This chain restaurant offers Russian style food with an all-you-can-eat option. RUB395.
- Grabli, prosp. Mira, 99 (M. Alexeevskaya). Daily 10:00-23:00. A chain that opened in July 2006 aiming to compete with Moo-Moo. While new, it offers better quality than Moo Moo. It's hard to predict how long its quality standards will live.- More units: Evropeyskiy mall (M. Kievskaya), 10:00-23:00
- Kruzhka. – This is a chain of "beer restaurants" which serves cheap food and, as its name suggests, mugs of beer. It can be found in 20 locations around Moscow. The menu is relatively simple, consisting mainly of types of kebab and shawarma, with fries. Sport events are on often shown on televisions or big screen. Recently has become a favourite for manual labour migrants with a bit of extra cash on hand.
- Moo-Moo, Komsomol (Му-Му), Komsomol prospekt, 26 (M:Smolenskaya). This chain restaurant offers decent canteen food, with English menus. -Operates as a cafeteria-style restaurant and as such can be considered a fast food restaurant. The entire menu is self-service, and includes a wide variety of meats (including shashlik), vegetables, soups, breads, and desserts. - Moo-Moo restaurants are decorated with a black-and-white cow motif.- More units USD10-15 per person.
- Prime Star, Ulitsa Bolshaya Dmitrovka, 7/5 (M:), ☎ +7 495 664-2363, fax: +7 495 664-2363, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Daily 09:00-21:00.. – A chain of fast-food restaurants specialized in hand-made, natural food. Most is cold (sandwiches, salads etc.) but some hot dishes are available. More units: a dozens more. Almost all of units inside 3rd Ring Road area. RUB400.
- Korchma Taras Bulba – Petrovka 30/7 near metro Pushkinskaya/Chekhovskaya. Pyatnickaya St. 14 near metro Novokuznetsckaya. Ukrainian chain restaurant with an interior decorated like a Ukrainian house. Dinner costs $25 for two people.
- Lavash – Cuisine from the Caucus region. Large menu with pictures, good choice of Russian beer and vodka at reasonable prices. Looks more expensive than it is. Conveniently located 100 metres south of the Nikulin circus on Tsvetnoi Bulvar (Цветной бульвар). Come out of Tsvetnoi Bulvar, turn right, walk 2 minutes.
- The Old Tower (Старая Башня), Teatralnaja ploščad 5/1 (Театральная площадь, д. 5, стр. 1), ☎ +7 (495) 698-4008. Russian cuisine with some unusual dishes such as bear and elk, in a medieval setting. Has a huge beer menu which, however, seems not to be always available.
- Oprichnik (Опричник), Pyatnitsky pereulok (Пятницкий переулок), 2. (987-10-05). Ancient dishes of Russian cuisine including game.
- Starlite Diner (Старлайт), Bolotnaya Sq., 16/5 (M.Polyanka, Tretyakovskaya), toll-free: +7(495)951-5838. 24H. A small chain of American-style diners, where you can still try Russian borsch or pelmeni. Popular among Moscow expats as almost first places run by foreigners; among Moscow middle-class crowd for quality food and fast service. Other units: - M.Universitet, Vernadskogo Ave., 6 (TC "Kapitoliy"), +7(495)783-4037; - M. Mayakovskaya, Bolshaya Sad, 16 (Aquarium Park), +7(495)650-0246; - Strastnoy, bul. 8a, +7(495)989-4461; - M.Oktyabrskaya, Korovy Val, 9a,+7(495)959-8919;
- Darbar Indian restaurant, Leninsky Prospect, 38 (Hotel "Sputnik", M: Leninsky Prospect), ☎ +7 (495) 930-2925, e-mail: email@example.com. tel. +7 (495) 930-2365 It is situated a bit aside from the city-center, but has a very good location with a panoramic view over the city. The cuisine is authentic; arguably it's the best Indian restaurant in Moscow. Staff speak English. Also a great place to watch the salute away from the crowds. RUB 2 500 for two.
- Mi Piace Italian restaurant, Chayanova, 22, ☎ 250-0893. – A chain of Italian restaurants. Relatively expensive but quite popular among locals and expatriates working in Moscow. Addresses are: 13/9 B. Ordynka (951-52-50, 953-96-65); 20 Sadovaya-Samotechnaya (694-0001); 16/16 Pokrovka (623-4411); 7, 1st Tverskaya Yamskaya (970-1129)
- Fabrique, Kosmodamianskaya nab.(Космодамианская наб.) 2. – This club has nothing to do with the London club, but it is no less happening and lively. Beware of "face control" (Russia's way of letting only the chosen into the club). Mid-priced drinks, shots of vodka are c. RUB200 and mixed drinks are more expensive. Great club atmosphere with generally fantastic DJs.
- Gogol Bar, Stoleshnikov pereulok (Столешников переулок). (M: Teatralnaya). – This bar is on the posh street, houses deluxe brand shops such as Chanel, Burberry, and Cartier. The entrance to the bar is between Vivienne Westwood and the Lancel boutique. The interior, menu and drinks are quite simple. Musical performances every weekend. During the winter, the small yard is used as a skating rink. There are also Gogol' Bars on Arbat and Maroseika St.
- Krizis Zhanra, Pokrowski Bulvar and Ulica Pokrowka (улица Покровка) cnr (Тrams: А, 39, 3; enter the house from the backside.). Mediocre Italian-themed Russian cuisine. They play alternative music and on weekends the restaurant is turned into a small rock club (at about 23:00 the tables are taken out). The place is popular with students with money but who are not elitny. Menu is RUB300-350.
- Propaganda, Bol. Zlatoustinsky, 8 (M. Kitay Gorod), ☎ +7 495 624-5732. M-Su 11:30-18:00. A great alternative bar with lots of cheap drinks. With great music, a hip and funky crowd, as well as a relatively relaxed door control. Propaganda is a great place to dance all night and have fun. Also very good value-for-money place to eat. vodka and beer RUB100-150.
- Solyanka (Солянка Бар), Solyanka (Солянка) 11/6 стр. 1 (M. Kitay Gorod), ☎ +7 495 221-7557, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Solyanka is a popular dance club with great line-up. The club is situated in an old building and interior is quite interesting.
- Bobby Dazzler Pub (паб Бобби Дэззлер), Kostyanskiy pereulok 7/13 (M. Turgenevskaya, M. Chistye Prudy), ☎ +7 495 6080383, fax: +7 495 6080477, e-mail: email@example.com. M-Th 11:00-0:00 , F 11:00-3:00, Sa 13:00-6:00, Su 13:00-0:00. Pub in British style. Wide choice of UK beers. The cuisine menu is large as in a restaurant. Beers and food are reasonable priced.
- Coffeemania chain. The most expensive coffee chain in Moscow. The cafe has great breakfasts and is excellent for people watching in the morning and pre-concert coffee in the evening as well.
- Coffee Bean, Petrovka 18/3. Petrovka is most coffee-conscious place in the Coffee Bean chain (also Pokrovka, Pyatnitskaya, Leningradsky). Some of the Coffee Bean stores also provide free internet (eg. Pokrovka).
- Volkonsky, Maroseika 4/2. For a late night nibble or a quick morning pick me up, Volkonsky is one of the better places in Moscow that doubles as a bakery/coffee shop. Great ambiance and a neighborhood feel.
- Starbucks Cafe, Mega-Khimki and Mega-Belaya Dacha; Moscow City; Sheremetyevo-3; Metropolis (M. Voykovskaya); Aeroport Gallery (M. Aeroport). Starbucks has finally broken the wall into hard ground Russia. Promises to open another 10-20 stores.
- Tretyakov Drive (Tretyakovsky Proyezd, Третьяковский проезд)), Kitay-gorod (M: Lubyanka, Ploshchad' Revolyutsii, Kuznetskiy Most). It is a short street with boutiques and shops with many luxury goods and known as one of the most expensive shopping areas in the world. The mediaeval-looking archway onto Theatre Drive was designed in 1871.
- Moscow GUM Department Store (ГУМ, Главный универсальный магазин; Glavnyi Universalnyi Magazin; literally "main universal store"), Red Square (Metro: Ploschad Revolutsii -), ☎ +7 495 788-4343, fax: +7 495 777-7565, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. 10:00-22:00. =In 1819 Catherine II of Russia commissioned Giacomo Quarenghi, a Neoclassical architect from Italy, to design a huge trade centre along the east side of Red Square. The existing structure was built to replace the previous trading rows that had been designed by Joseph Bove after the 1812 Fire of Moscow. Contained more than 1200 shops – once filled with Soviet-era goods of mediocre quality, it is now a mall with international labels and hyper-expensive boutiques. Even if you don't buy anything, it's highly recommended you go inside and look at the architecture. - With the façade extending for 242m along the eastern side of Red Square, the Upper Trading Rows were built between 1890's. The trapezoidal building features an interesting combination of elements of Russian medieval architecture and a steel framework and glass roof, a similar style to the great 19th-century railway stations of London. - The glass-roofed design made the building unique at the time of construction. The roof, the diameter of which is 14m, looks light, but it is a firm construction made of more than 50,000 metal pods 743t, capable of supporting snowfall accumulation. Illumination is provided by huge arched skylights of iron and glass, each weighing some 740t and containing in excess of 20,000 panes of glass. The facade is divided into several horizontal tiers, lined with red Finnish granite, Tarusa marble, and limestone. Each arcade is on three levels, linked by walkways of reinforced concrete. Pricey.
- Atrium shopping mall (Торгово-развлекательный комплекс «Атриум»), ulitsa Zemlyanoy Val, 33 (Kurskaya metro station), ☎ +7 495 970-1555. has a lot of very nice stores that sell anything from cosmetics to world-known clothing brands & there are plenty of Russian fast-food chains, like Kroshka - Kartoshka with their delicious potato dishes, Pelmeshkina and Cheburekos that serve Russian pelmeni, and Rostik's, which is basically a Russian version of McDonalds, although not a very successful one.
- Dorogomilovsky Market (Dorogomilovskiy Torgovyy Tsentr, Дорогомиловский рынок), Mozhayski Val. (улица Можайский Вал), 10 (M: Kievskaya), ☎ +7 499 249-5553. 10.00-20.00. Even if not buying anything just to see what for sale also a good time spending. There are tables full with fresh produce from green to fish.
This article is based on Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike 3.0 Licensed text from the article Central Moscow on Wikivoyage.